Raleigh, North Carolina

4901 Trademark Drive
Raleigh, NC  27610
Phone (919) 212-1760
Fax (919) 212-1707

Office Contact: Kevin W. Markham. Kevin provides support for the Ecology, Archaeology, and Site Assessment and Remediation Divisions operating from the Raleigh Office.  Mr. Markham also serves as Director for the Ecology Division for ESI's North Carolina offices and in this role provides technical oversight and quality assurance/quality control on natural resource projects.  Mr. Markham has more than 20 years experience providing natural resource assessments, protected species surveys, mitigation planning, and resource agency coordination.

Representative Projects

Wendell Falls, Wake County, North Carolina
The Wendell Falls residential and commercial development covers approximately 1,400 acres near the Town of Wendell.  ESI coordinated with the North Carolina State Historic Preservation Office to pare down the extent of the intensive archaeological survey, which focused on 11 areas that had the potential to contain historic archaeological sites.  Two of the nine documented sites were subjected to archaeological significance testing; none of the sites were found eligible for listing in the National Register of Historic Places.

Upper Neuse Greenway, Wake County, North Carolina

ESI completed a jurisdictional delineation, a riparian buffer determination, and a protected species assessment for the 6.5-mile Upper Neuse Greenway for the City of Raleigh.  Inter-agency coordination and report preparation was also completed by ESI for this project.

Jones Sausage Road Widening & Realignment, Wake County, North Carolina

ESI completed a Natural Resource Technical Report and assisted the City of Raleigh with obtaining the necessary state and federal permits for this municipal roadway improvement project.  An archaeological evaluation and Phase I Environmental Site Assessment (ESA) were also conducted for this project to identify potential construction constraints.

Ford’s Colony at Rocky Mount, Nash County, North Carolina

ESI conducted the wetlands delineation, protected species assessment, Phase I archaeological investigation, and a Phase I ESA for this approximately 600-acre residential development located in Rocky Mount, NC.  Additionally, ESI coordinated with state and federal environmental regulatory personnel and prepared appropriate applications for state and federal environmental permits necessary for the construction of this project.

Kinston Veterans Administration Hospital, Lenoir County, North Carolina
ESI conducted a wetlands investigation and a Phase I ESA on a site in Kinston, NC for a proposed Veterans Administration hospital.  Additionally, ESI prepared an Environmental Assessment pursuant to requirements set forth by the North Carolina State Environmental Policy Act (SEPA).  ESI also conducted a Phase II Subsurface Assessment to evaluate for impact to site soils from the former farming operations as well as an off-site leaking underground petroleum storage tank.

Perquimans County Marine Industrial Park, North Carolina

ESI conducted comprehensive due diligence services on this 72-acre site located near Hertford, NC for a marine industrial park that will include a large upland boat basin.  Specifically, ESI conducted a natural resource assessment including wetlands and protected species, a Phase I ESA, and a Phase I archaeological survey.  Additionally, ESI provided technical consultation during the Environmental Assessment process and completed an Essential Fish Habitat report.

Eastern North Carolina Natural Gas Pipeline, Coastal North Carolina

ESI conducted detailed wetlands and protected species investigations for a natural gas pipeline extending more than 500 miles across  20 coastal North Carolina counties.  This multi-phase project also included state and federal permitting as well as intensive inter-agency coordination.  Special use permits were also obtained from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service for several wildlife refuge crossings.

Rockingham-Lilesville 230-kV Transmission Line, Richmond and Anson Counties, North Carolina

ESI completed a natural and cultural resource assessment for a 13-mile transmission line for Progress Energy Carolinas, Inc.  Specifically, ESI completed the wetland and stream delineation, protected species assessment, preliminary cultural resource assessment, and report preparation for this proposed new electrical transmission line.

Fort Bragg-Woodruff Street – Richmond 230-kV Line, North Carolina
ESI conducted a Natural Resource Assessment for the proposed 64-mile transmission line right-of-way located in four counties in south-central North Carolina.  The Natural Resource Assessment included wetland and stream delineation and Threatened and Endangered Species surveys, including aerial surveys for red-cockaded woodpecker (RCW) cavity trees along preliminary study routes.   ESI also prepared a Biological Assessment (BA) and an Environmental Assessment (EA) for the Depart of the Army, Fort Bragg, to address potential impacts to RCW foraging habitat partitions. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service RCW Foraging Habitat Assessment Matrix was used to assess potential impacts and to identify mitigative measures to avoid adverse effects to RCW.

US 17 Improvements, Jacksonville to New Bern, North Carolina

ESI completed a Natural Resource Technical Report covering multiple alternative study corridors for the proposed improvements to approximately 22 miles of this facility in Onslow, Jones, and Craven Counties.  Specifically, ESI completed the wetland and stream delineation, riparian buffer assessment, and protected species assessment and surveys for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and the U.S. Forest Service.  ESI also conducted an intensive archaeological survey of the preferred corridor, which resulted in the recording of 29 new archaeological sites, including a plantation site from the late 1700s that is considered eligible for the National Register of Historic Places.

US 64 Asheboro Bypass, Randolph County, North Carolina

This project for the NCDOT included an intensive archaeological survey of the approximately 14-mile long right-of-way for the proposed US 64 Bypass around the southern side of Asheboro, and significance testing of six prehistoric and historic sites for National Register of Historic Places eligibility.  It also served as a real-world test of the NCDOT GIS-based Archaeological Predictive Modeling Project, which covered seven counties in the Piedmont region of North Carolina.

Remedial Investigation, Asphalt Plant, North Carolina
ESI completed an extensive evaluation of soil and groundwater conditions on a 24-acre active asphalt plant.  The property was evaluated for the presence of chlorinated solvents, metals, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), and petroleum hydrocarbons that were suspected to have been released during the 30 years the facility had operated.  The evaluation also consisted of an evaluation of site background concentrations in both soil and groundwater for metals in areas that were considered to be undisturbed.  The assessment revealed deep groundwater impact with vinyl chloride as well as soil impact related to the metals iron, mercury, silver and arsenic.

Aggressive Fluid Vapor Recovery, Wayne County, North Carolina
ESI completed an aggressive fluid vapor (AFVR) event to remove free-phase petroleum hydrocarbons that were present in two shallow groundwater monitoring wells on the property.  The AFVR event included extracting 2,600 gallons of petroleum-impacted groundwater in 8 hours as well as measurements of the off-gas concentrations to determine the number of gallons emitted as vapors.  The AFVR event was successful in eliminating free-phase petroleum in both of the monitoring wells.

Endangered Freshwater Mussels, Transylvania County, North Carolina
Endangered Freshwater Mussel Studies, Mills Creek Emergency Watershed Protection project
Endangered freshwater mussel studies on the French Broad River, Emergency Watershed Protection project

*ESI does not provide engineering or land surveying services in North Carolina and such services in North Carolina are contracted to appropriately licensed individuals and firms.

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